Saturday, January 26, 2008

Nepal Festivals Information

Nepal is a culturally reach country with many festivals throughout the year. The festivals of Nepal show reason Religiously, culturally, historically, traditionally and many. Religiously, in Hinduism, there are 33 crore god and goddesses. Nepalese worship many goddesses to make them happy with hope that the god being happy belss them and there will be a development of every steps they start. For a new work starting, the people worship Ganesh, who is a symbol of goodness. People take fasting, worship gods, take bath on the day, visit temple, get together, and celebrate. The way of celebrating different festivals are different. In some people cant take even water while in some they are allowed to take sweet food. Sweets, Meat of domesticated animals, Fruits, juices and food made in home are special in those days. The Nepali calender is different of the other the world have. Nepal have it’s own calender with “Bikram Sambat” indicating the number of years. In english it was “BC” or now is “AD”. Some of many Nepali festivals are enlisted herewith.
New year: One the first day of year begin ( 1st Baisakh in Nepali calender) Mother’s day:get blessing from MotherBuddha Jayanti: to celebrate the birth date of Lord buddha. Machhendra Nath Jatra: Special festival celebrated by people of KathmanduGuru Purnima: teacher’s dayGai Jatra: an Special festival celebrated in kathmanduKrishna Astami : day celebration for worshipping god KrishnaFather’s day: To get blessing from FatherIndra Jatra: Special festival celebrated in KathmanduBada Dashain : Greatest festival of hindu people celebrated for 15 daysTihar: second great festival of Hindu celebrated for 5 daysBala Chaturdashi: An especial festival celebrated by the women by fastingShree Panchami: Education dayMaha Shiva ratri: Worshipping God Shiva.Ghode Jatra: Special festival celebrated by horse ride in kathmandu

Nepal Visa Information

Visa is required for everyone traveling out of their country. In case of Nepal, visa is required for people traveling inside except Indians. For Indians to Nepal and for Nepalese to India there is no system of Visa requirement. Indian Nationals don’t necessarily need visa but they need to bring their National Certificate, Identity card, or some thing that show their identity. There are many kinds of Visa granted for the visitors to Nepal. Visitors to Nepal can obtain the visa either in the Embassies in their country or upon arrival to Nepal. When the tourists arrive to nepal, then they need to put stamp of Nepali visa in their valid passports. Such provided visa are valid for the visitors to this country to visit normal areas inside Nepal. For some resricted areas visit, foreigners need to obtain special permit according to the place they like to visit. There are many kinds of visa provided for the visitors to this country.

Single/ multiple entry visa: A single entry visa to Nepal is proivided from the immigration office according to the place from where the tourist arrive Nepal, or from the respective embassies in the respective countries or consulates. The cost for a single entry visa is USD 30 per person which is valid for 60 days. While, a multiple visa is also granted for business purpose or who wish to stay longer here costing USD 60. Per Person.
Someone who wills to visit Nepal twice after getting out of the border in period of 150 days, he needs to pay USD 50 for a 30 days valid visa. Likewise, people intending to stay in Nepal for more than 60 day continuously have to pay the sum USD 50 for 30 days visa. Transit passengers intending to stay in Nepal for more than 48 hours transit need to pay USD 5 per person which is valid for 48 hours.
There is a system of issuing non touristic visa for people important for deplomatic reason. Visitors involved in press, international Non government organisations, international diplomatic officials, government officers, etc. are granted a non touristic visa. Those type of visa are issued in by the immigration department costing USD 60 per month for the first year and USD 100 per month for the second year. For Press relating people USD 10 per months, for government officers, USD 20 Per month, and for people obtaining Marriage visa USD 20 per months.
Extending visa is also possible for those who are not sure of their stay in Nepal. Those type of visas are issued by the department of Immigration in Kathmadu or in Pokhara with a sum of USD 50 per 30 days. Anyone are not allowed to stay in Nepal for more than 150 days in a single year.

Friday, January 25, 2008

Custom facility in Nepal

All the baggages are subject to check at point of Nepal entry. People are allowed to carry 1.15 litres of consumable drinks, 150+ Sticks of cigarettes, 15 rolls of Photo films, 10+ rolls of movie camera film. In land transfers, most of consumable goods are allowed to carry while there are some restrictions in the air transfers. There are some restrictions while traveling via air in Nepal. While taking flight, the things that are allowed in the flight are:
· A ladies hand bag or pocket book.
· An overcoat or wrap, a foot rug
· A small camera or pair of binoculars
· A resonable amount of Reading matter
· Infant’s food for consumption in flight and infants carrying baskets.
· Carring basket, an umbrella or a walking stick
· A fully collapsible invalid’s wheerchair and/or a pair of crutches

There are some procedures for those who will to export antiques. They need to have special certificate from the Department of Archaeology, National Archive building. There are some restrictions upon goods;
· Gold and things made from Gold in a high amount
· Silver and goods containing silver
· Precious stones
· Wild Animals and their skins and huge amount of good made up of.
· Skin of Wild Animals
· Horns of Animals and head of animals
· All kind of drugs etc.

Nepali currency

Nepali Currency:
Nepal has it’s own currency. Nepali currency is called Nepali rupees and shortly written as Rs. There are many bills of Nepal currency. The currency bills are carried out by the National Bank of Nepal. These are Rs. 1, Rs.2, Rs.5, Rs.10, Rs. 20, Rs. 50, Rs.100, Rs.500, and Rs. 1000. in some special occasion the National bank also publish some currency bills denominating Rs. 25, Rs. 250 and so. There are also some coin denominations, the coins were widely used in the country in early centuries in the age of 15th century onwards. There were originally made of gold, silver, and other original metals. These denominate 5 paisa, 10 Paisa, 25 paisa, 50 Paisa, Rs 1, Rs. 2, Rs. 5. Sometimes likewise in special occassions the National Bank of Nepal also bring out coins denominating Rs. 10, Rs. 25, Rs. 100, etc.
Nepali Rupee is one weak currency in the world. One US dollar Equivalents around 62 Rupees (early 2008) one Indian Currency Equivalents 1.60 Rupees, one Euro Equivalents around 83 Rupees and so on. People other than indian nationals are not allowed to purchase goods In the currency other than that are convertible in Nepal. There are few currencies which are convertible. US dollars, Euro, Pound Sterling, Australian Dollars, Hong Kong Dollar, Qatar Riyal, Malaysian Currency etc. are some of the exchangeable currencies in Nepal.
Sometimes ago, there was rule of printing the face of King with Crown in their head in the currency notes and coins. These days sue to political changes in the country there are many national important Natural, Historical, Cultural, faces are printed. The Nepali notes are easily noticeable with the denomination value in both English and Nepali Languages.

Nepal Entry Procedures

People willing to travel Nepal can easily enter this country. There are many points from where they can get entered. People need to have valid Nepali visa to enter the country. The Nepali visa are issued in the Embassies or consulate offices scattered in the world. There is also a system of arrival visa to Nepal. When people arrive to the entry points of Nepal, they can get visa in the immigration offices in Nepal. There are many Immigration offices in Nepal as Entry points. These are listed as followingly.
By Flight:

  • Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu

By Land:

  • Kakarbhitta ( Entry point from East Nepal)

  • Birgunj (Entry point from south east mid Nepal)

  • Belahiya ( Entry point from south west Mid Nepal)

  • Nepalgunj ( Entry point from south western Nepal) ·

  • Dhangadi ( Entry point from south Western Nepal)

  • Jogbani ( Entry point from south Eastern Nepal)

  • Mahendra Nagar ( Entry point from western Nepal)

  • Kodari ( Entry point from northern Nepal)

Geography of Nepal

The country lies between 80 Degree 4’ and 88 Degree 12’ est longitude and 26 degree 22’ north lattitude. The standard area of this country according to government sourese is 147181 Sq. Kms. With about 800 Kms from East to west and about 150 Kms north to south. Nepal is a landlocked country with Tibetan plateau in it’s north and Indian provinces in it’s east, west and south, so it is also called "a yam caught between two rocks." There is a large of diversity ranging from the world’s deepest gorge the Kaligandaki gorge and the highest mountain in the world; the Mt. Everest. The terai belt is mostly forested keeping some urban lands ot the south. With Kathmandu as it’s capital the country is made up of himalayas. More than 85% of this country is made up of Rocky hills and mountains. Rest is combination of Terain plains with forests, rivers etc. This country consists of three belts geographically.
Himalayan Region – Nepali Himalaya Region covers almost 15 % of the total land. This region is also known as mountainous region. Many ice capped mountains some of which are more than 8000m high lie in this region. Altitude of this region ranges from around 48754m to 8848m. it concludes Mt Everest, Cho Oyu, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Manaslu, Makalu, Kanchenjunga etc along with many many other more than 100 Mountain 360 degree from west to east Nepal bearing many icy and rocky peaks.
Hilly Region – Nepali Hilly Region covers almost 68% of the total land. This region is the biggest region of Nepal. Green and blue seen forest hills are the main geographical part of this region. Altitude of this region ranges from around 610m to around 4875m touching the plains of Terain region in it’s south with Chure Hills and the Icy mountains in the north with Mahabharat hills.
Terai Region- Nepali terai region covers almost 17% of the total land. This region touches India in the south and hills of Nepal with Chure Hills in the north. This is the main cultivating land of Nepal. In terain region, there are a lot of flat lands appropriate for harvesting and cultivating crops etc. a lot of this region is covered of dense forests with talls trees.

Culture of Nepal

Culture of Nepal has it’s own character diversing place to place. The culture in this country varies in Many religions, castes etc. This is the destiny for both Hindus and Buddhist being the country of Pashupatinath temple, birth place of lord Buddha, work and birth land of many a lot of religions. Pashuapatinath Temple is considered to be the greatest holy temple for Hinduism for Shiva worshippers. Most of Arhitectural heritage of this country start from Kathmandu valley which bears many of the world’s heritage sites as well as other important sites like Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath Temple, Patan Durbar Square, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Suqare Changunarayan Temple, Buhdanilkantha Temple, Kirtipur and many. The historical cities along with cultural heritages of this valley show unequal model of architecture and art which link with Arniko who was invited to China from his act of art in early history of Nepal.

Festivals of Nepal are of another Imporatnce. More than 150 days in a year are different celebrations for god and goddessess, religion, which mark red sign in the calender. Nepal is said to be the combination of four casts and 36 colors. Keeping all as equal, the numurous festival make country a religiously important country in the world.
The cultural range is affcted by the geography of the country. Nepal ranges from the plain of the terai to the high mountains and culture, religion, lifestyle of people is specific sector is specific. Hence they have many many religions adding many festivals, processess, there exist an unequal diverse of culture inside this country.
The culture of this country is also affected by the geographical enighbouring countries. The high himalayan culture and lifestyles, festivals, religion etc. are influenced by Tibetan culture, lifestyle, festivals, religion etc. while those in terain plain are mostly affected by that of neighbouring provinces of India. Obviously hence, this country has a large variety in clutural aspects.

Nepali people have Dal Bhat every day twice generally. Tough, some in the urban areas these days have started practising International brands of food too. In high Himalayan region, food made of Potato, barley, corn with milk from Yak, cow, sheep etc are favourite. In the plains, bread and curry are favourite depending upon the family standard.

Religion of Nepal

Religion of Nepal ranges according to the geography. Nepal was the only hindu country in the world before 2006, but it was proclaimed to be equal for all religions. Mostly in Terai belt of Nepal, there are many Hindu people, mostly getting affected by the religion of Indian provinces near to. The Middle hill belt are mixed up of Hindus and Buddhist. The higher Altitude people are mostly Buddhist in Hilly region. The Himlayan belt people are mostly Buddhist, getting affected from the religion of Tibetan Plateau.
There are many people who believe Kirati, Jain, Islam, Christian and many others too. Whatever the religion of people in this country, there is a religious harmony in people. There is no such war yet on basis of religion. The Hindu and Buddhist people worship each others god and goddessess, there is a government holiday for every religion’s major festivals and celebrations, where people of almost all religion are parcipated, there are many temples, stupa, Church, and people have brotherhood in each ohers. There is a complex bending between people of different religion in Nepal.

History of Nepal

History of Nepal starts with the first civilizations of Nepal which occurred around 6th century before christ when the Kantipur valley got it’s image as a valley from a great lake. The creation of Kathmandu valley has it’s own history depending upon the people. Kathmandu was once a lake and at around the age of Goutam Buddha, Bodhisattva Manjusri cut a gorge in a southern hill, the hill’s gorge is famous with it’s name Chovar these days, he drained water to worship a lotus that he admired during his travel. Rulers of this country largely adverted hinduism before the reign of Buddha, with a high influence of south neighbour India. The accurate area of this country was not clear until the reign of Malla kings in Nepal eventhough there were many kings reigning in this country. From the thirteen to eighteen century where there was reign of Mallas’ here, the approximate dimension of this country was made over.
In the eighteen century, king of small kingdom of Nepal, Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered many countries from the small scattered kingdoms inside the country. The small kingdoms were called “Baisee” and “Choubisee” kingdoms. His followers and successors later flated the country area from Sikkim in the east and Kangada, Kashmir in the west. After a commercial assingment was signed with the current overrulers from Britain in India, Nepal lost its part of Sikkim.
In 1846, the power of rule was overtaken by Janga Bahadur Rana by arranging a war So- Called Kotparba and the Rana family reign in this country was started. The ruled over this country for a century and four years, and in 1951, King Trivuwan tok back all the lost power through a demonstration of Nepali civilians that time. He proclaimed Nepal as constitional Monarchy kingdom and after Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah dev became king of Nepal, he again took the power temporarily banning the Multi-party system and started the “Panchayeti” system, where there were five people in the ruling power in every sector. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah dev was in the throne after King Mahendra surprisingly died in Chitwan in 1972.
In 1990, Nepali civilian along with the Political parties went on roads to shoe favour to Multi-party system and King Birendra had to lift the bann over the political parties, helding an election with the victory of Nepali congress party to win the election whereas, the communist were stronger too.
In 1991, a troop of communist led by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai from Gorkha and Puspa Kamal Dahal from Chitwan started insurgency so-called “Jana Bidroha” based on five main districts; Rukum, Rolpa, Sindhuli, Jajarkot and Gorkha to replace the parliamentary monarchy by so-called people's new democratic republic. The Maoists also declared existence of a provisional "people's government" at the district level in several locations from the east to west Nepal.
On June 1, 2001, a shot to King birendra and his five family members took them dead; which later was told that Prince Dipendra shot his family dead; and all that time royal family were replaced by today’s. Gyanendra bir bikram shas dev was crowned to be the king then.
In october 2002, King Gyanendra dismissed the government, calling it corrupt and ineffective to overcome the political problems. The then king declared the country an emergency and ordered the army to attack the maoists. The rebels intensified their campaign, and the government responded with equal intensity, killing hundreds of Maoists, the largest toll since the insurgency began in 1996. In 2003, the Maoist rebels withdrew from peace talks with the government and ended a cease-fire that had been signed 7 months ago. The Maoists blocked Kathmandu valley to threaten the government in August 2004 stopping the shipment to enter Kathmandu.
In 2005, King Gyanendra fired the government that time and claimed himself the President of the government keeping some others in the government as minister. Almost all known politicians were kept in home arrest and several restriction on civil liberties were instituted. In late 2005, the maoist rebels declared cease-fire ending in early 2006 in around 4 months. After breaking the cease-fire in january they again came hand by hand with the seven party alliance to pressure King gyanendra to re-establish the parliament and redrafting the constution ignoring the offer by then king to handover the executive power to Prime minister. Mounting pressure with demonstration of more than 20 days, then king had to agree to reinstate the parliament which turned to be the power cutter of king to establish the country people’s republic.
The then called rebels and governent had peace talk agreeing a landmark peace in november 2006, and announced the civil war that troubled the country for more than ten years killling more then 12000 Nepal people. The maoists then joined the Interim government wishing to proclaim the country peoples republic.