Friday, January 25, 2008

Geography of Nepal

The country lies between 80 Degree 4’ and 88 Degree 12’ est longitude and 26 degree 22’ north lattitude. The standard area of this country according to government sourese is 147181 Sq. Kms. With about 800 Kms from East to west and about 150 Kms north to south. Nepal is a landlocked country with Tibetan plateau in it’s north and Indian provinces in it’s east, west and south, so it is also called "a yam caught between two rocks." There is a large of diversity ranging from the world’s deepest gorge the Kaligandaki gorge and the highest mountain in the world; the Mt. Everest. The terai belt is mostly forested keeping some urban lands ot the south. With Kathmandu as it’s capital the country is made up of himalayas. More than 85% of this country is made up of Rocky hills and mountains. Rest is combination of Terain plains with forests, rivers etc. This country consists of three belts geographically.
Himalayan Region – Nepali Himalaya Region covers almost 15 % of the total land. This region is also known as mountainous region. Many ice capped mountains some of which are more than 8000m high lie in this region. Altitude of this region ranges from around 48754m to 8848m. it concludes Mt Everest, Cho Oyu, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Manaslu, Makalu, Kanchenjunga etc along with many many other more than 100 Mountain 360 degree from west to east Nepal bearing many icy and rocky peaks.
Hilly Region – Nepali Hilly Region covers almost 68% of the total land. This region is the biggest region of Nepal. Green and blue seen forest hills are the main geographical part of this region. Altitude of this region ranges from around 610m to around 4875m touching the plains of Terain region in it’s south with Chure Hills and the Icy mountains in the north with Mahabharat hills.
Terai Region- Nepali terai region covers almost 17% of the total land. This region touches India in the south and hills of Nepal with Chure Hills in the north. This is the main cultivating land of Nepal. In terain region, there are a lot of flat lands appropriate for harvesting and cultivating crops etc. a lot of this region is covered of dense forests with talls trees.

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